Jean François de Troy (27 January 1679, Paris - 26 January 1752, Rome) was a French Rococo painter (including of frescoes) and tapestry designer. In his lifetime he was regarded as one of France’s finest history painters. He was also in demand for his decorative paintings, genre paintings and portraits. He is regarded as the inventor of the tableaux de modes ('paintings of fashions'), which attempted to provide an authentic portrayal of contemporary manners, fashions and pastimes.
He was the Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1738.